SARAH BAARTMAN ESSAY

Having been enslaved, she was taken to Europe by a member of the family that “owned” and exhibited her much as an exotic animal might be. Lucy Moore reviews The Hottentot Venus: Three lawyers, and two Aftikaans-speaking interpreters, interrogated her for three hours. She remains a screen on to which fantasies can be projected and theories inscribed. But for Saartjie, there were also economic advantages to be gained. If she is buried, this chance will be lost Texts were pinned to the cloth wrapped around her body.

Viewers were prompted to step onto the installed platform which was meant to evoke a stage, where Baartman may have been exhibited. How should past atrocities be remembered? From these lifeless and fragile remnants, European scientists manufactured monstrous, crackpot pseudo-scientific theories proposing biological differences between human groups. Her family were Khoekhoens ‘Hottentots’, to the Europeans , part of the Khoisan people, along with the San or so-called ‘Bushmen’. From the firelight to the screen. Court of King’s Bench. These images persist as products of a white society whose imposed perceptions damaged and subordinated the lives, consciousness and body-image of millions of people.

In resistance struggle, the power of the dominated to assert agency by claiming and cultivating “awareness” politicizes “looking” relations — one learns to look a certain way in order to resist. Her body cast and skeleton stood side by side and faced away from the viewer which emphasized her steatopygia accumulation of fat on the esswy while reinforcing that aspect as the primary interest of her body.

While Holmes makes much of Saartjie as an “African Venus”, describing her “pert” nipples and the fur of the cape she wore as suggestively “luxuriant, labial, curled”, her actual stage presence seems to have belied the wanton image her promoters aimed at. The film Black Venus or Venus noire eloquently illustrates how people can use the rhetoric of race and gender in order to justify cruelty or discrimination Black Venus.

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Posthumously imprisoned in Paris, Saartjie’s violated body became one of Europe’s most analysed specimens.

sarah baartman essay

In the s, a free black the Cape designation for individuals of enslaved descent trader named Peter Cesars met her and encouraged her to move to Cape Town, which aarah recently come under British control. Saartjie horizontal, saarh, under his knife. Her story is always used as a symbol to illustrate various social and political strains, and through these applications, her true story has been lost among the discussions.

A shift is happening, albeit slowly. Not only do Crais and Scully provide the reader with extensive detail on Baartman’s life, but they also give the reader a clearer picture of how she became the Hottentot Venus and how the Hottentot Venus became an icon.

Sarah Baartman – Wikipedia

Viewers were prompted to step onto the installed platform which was meant to evoke a stage, where Baartman may have been exhibited. Holmes’s research is impeccable, conducted on the ground and from primary sources in archives as far apart as Cape Town, London and Paris, but the surviving evidence is limited; for Cuvier’s villainous intentions and for Saartjie herself. Her surname literally means “bearded man” in Dutch. Court of King’s Bench.

Inthen president Nelson Mandela requested that her remains be brought home. The exhibition, which runs until October 4, has been designed as an expressive space and a place for thinking and reflecting.

Smuggled out of Cape Town and shipped to London, the ‘Hottentot Venus’ appeared in September at No Piccadilly where she played native songs, danced and smoked a pipe wearing a skin-tight silk body-stocking and some strategic beads and feathers. Texts were pinned to the cloth wrapped around her body. Saartjie’s body was subjected to indignity and exaggeration, but there has been less careful reflection on the ways in which she subsequently influenced the emergence of the modernist female form, or of how she might be celebrated now, as she is in African and transatlantic black popular music and baartmxn culture.

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Prior to this, they were indistinguishable from the Bushmen or San, the first inhabitants of South Africa, who had been in the region for around years as hunter-gatherers.

So, too, does re-viewing. Zachary Macaulay led the protest.

sarah baartman essay

Dunlop and Cesars together took Saartjie illegally out of the country, along with a giraffe skin. It is unknown if Baartman went willingly or was forced, but she was in no position to refuse even if she chose to do so. Professor Ducrotay de Blainville has offered money, and when Saartjie refused it has taken lo peeping covertly around her esway.

Sarah Baartman

This entry was posted on October baarttman, at 6: Cuvier’s dissection of Baartman helped shape European science. Having been enslaved, she was taken to Europe by a member of the family that “owned” and exhibited her much as an exotic animal might be.

It did not even occur to them that Sara was forced to act as an exhibit. Crais and Scully say: All of his theories regarding sexual primitivism are influenced and supported by the anatomical studies and illustrations of Sarah Baartman which were created by Georges Cuvier.

Sarah Baartman Essay

Mansell Upham, a researcher and jurist specializing in South African colonial history also zarah spur the movement to bring Baartman’s remains back to South Africa. Saartjie was not only the African woman most frequently represented in racially marked British and French visual culture, she also had less immediately visible influences on western art. A ghost story and a biography. Encoded in her first name were the tensions of affection and exploitation.